How to Grow Valerian | Guide to Growing Valerian

 
How to Grow Valerian | Guide to Growing Valerian  

Overview

 
 

Seed Starting Guide

Seed Starting A-Z

Calendar

Transplanting

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Seed Saving

 

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Popular in the marketplace today for problems relating to anxiety and insomnia, Valerian has been used in Europe for thousands of years. Such properties were recognized by Hippocrates and Galen, and Valerian remained popular following the fall of the Roman Empire. When dried, Valerian root takes on a unique and distinct aroma that is not soon forgotten. Over the centuries, Valerian came to have unusual uses, as in medieval Sweden where new grooms carried Valerian in their wedding clothes to ward off the "envy" of the elves.

 
   
 

Perennial (hardy in zones 4-8)

7 - 14 days

2 years

Humus rich

Full sun

Root

12 - 15" apart

8 - 20 months

Growing Guide
GROWING NOTES
Valerian grows to a height of 3-4' and begins blooming early in the season, sometimes in late spring. The pink and white flowers grow in clusters and are favorite of many types of insects.

 

Valerian favors full sun and a humus rich soil, and lots of water.

MAINTAINING
Can be direct sown outdoors in early spring, or started indoors 4 weeks prior to transplanting in late spring. Small seeds can be tamped into the soil or covered with a thin layer of soil, approximately 1/4", and should germinate within 7-14 days with moist but well-drained potting mix.
 

 
   
     
   
 

Harvesting Guide
HARVESTING
Root can be collected in the fall. Valerian can sometimes be collected in the first year, but will often require at least an additional year to reach sizable quantities worthy of collection. A spade or garden fork should be helpful for collecting.

SAVING SEEDS

 
   
 
 

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