How to Grow Cardamom | Guide to Growing Cardamom

 
How to Grow Cardamom | Guide to Growing Cardamom  

Overview

 
 

Seed Starting Guide

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Calendar

Transplanting

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Cardamom is among the more popular aromatic herbs used today, with the seeds adding a uniquely sweet quality to many popular commercial beverages and other products. More traditionally, this botanical has been enjoyed in its native India for thousands of years in a wide array of dishes, deserts and teas. Cardamom was so revered in Scandinavia that following the opening of trade routes between the two regions, it quickly came to define the flavor of many traditional Nordic breads and sweets.

 
   
 

Perennial (zones 10-13)

14 days at 75° F

2 years

Rich, mildly acidic, loamy

Steady, low intensity

Fruit (pods)

7' apart

3 years

Growing Guide
GROWING NOTES
Elettaria cardamomum is native to tropic regions, and can grow to heights of 10' or more, with the tall stems showing long, alternate leaves.

 

Cardamom is native to tropical regions, and should only be grown outdoors in hardiness zones 10-13, where minimum temperatures approximately 35 degrees or higher. It can be grown with care indoors or in a greeenhouse in zones 9 and lower, or overwintered carefully if grown in a large, deep container that can be moved indoors as needed.

 

Cardamom can reach heights of ten feet or more by the third year.

 

Prefers a rich, loamy, slightly acidic soil with a pH approximately 6.1-6.6. For best results, fertilize or amend soil with minerals phosphorus and potassium.

MAINTAINING
To sow, the smaller seeds should be sown in a light but rich starting medium buried shallowly beneath the surface of the soil (approximately 1/8")

 

Cardamom requires a steady supply of moisture and will not tolerate drought. If growing in a greenhouse, it should be kept humid and maintained carefully. Cardamom is not tolerant of cold, but should be kept in a location with many hours of partially occluded sunlight.
 

 
   
     
   
 

Harvesting Guide
HARVESTING
Cardamom requires approximately 3 years of growth to produce capsules containing seeds. After the flowers mature, they will gradually dry out as capsule develops. These can be collected when capsules begin to turn green, and later dried on screens over the course of 6-7 days. Turn frequently.

SAVING SEEDS
The seeds can be collected once pods are dry and easy to break open. Place pods into a bowl, and carefully thresh by applying light pressure to break up dried seed pod. Separate seed from chaff by winnowing with a small fan, or by placing into a medium screen and gently shaking back and forth while lightly pressing extraneous matter through. Seeds can be collected in same manner as with harvesting. Store in a sealed container in a dry, cool location out of direct sunlight for optimum life.

 
   
 
 

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