How to Grow Peanuts | Guide to Growing Peanuts

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How to Grow Peanuts | Guide to Growing Peanuts  



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The peanut is native to South America and is currently cultivated throughout the world. It's a member of the pea family and may grow up to 1.5 feet tall. Peanuts are typically grown from seed and are a popular choice for home gardeners due to the edible seed.


Seeds or Seedlings

10 days, 65 F

5 Years

Loose, Well Drained

Full Sun

6" to 8" apart

24" to 36" apart

120 to 150

Growing Guide
Peanuts prefer a light sandy soil with a lot of compost and manure.

Loosen the soil to a depth of several inches deep and ensure that it will drain well.

You may need to create elevated rows to ensure adequate drainage.

Put them in individual pots two to four weeks before the last expected frost if you're planting them indoors. Plant the peanuts after the last expected frost if you're planting them outdoors. Sow the seeds 1 to 2 inches deep and space them 6 to 7 inches apart. The rows should be 3 feet apart.

Keep the soil moist without over watering the peanut plants. This can be challenging as the sandy soil will dry out quickly. Cover to protect them from frost, if needed. You can harvest the peanuts after the first frost. Pull the plant out by the roots and allow the peanuts to dry naturally.


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Harvesting Guide
Harvest the peanuts when the foliage begins to yellow in late summer or early fall. Dig up the plants with a spading fork and carefully shake off the loose soil. Cure the peanuts by hanging the plants in a warm, dry shed or garage. Beware of mice. After the plants have dried for 1 or 2 weeks, shake off any remaining soil and pull the peanut pods from the plants. Continue to air dry the peanuts for an additional 1 or 2 weeks. Once dried, place the peanuts in mesh bags and store them in cool, well-ventilated place until roasted.

Raw peanuts may be left in the shell and saved for replanting the following spring. Once dried, place the peanuts in mesh bags and store them in cool, well-ventilated place.

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