How to Grow Parsnip | Guide to Growing Parsnip

 
How to Grow Parsnip | Guide to Growing Parsnip  

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Perhaps the hardiest of all garden crops, parsnips don’t develop their sweet, nutty flavor until after enduring frosts and cold weather in fall. Can be overwintered for harvest as soon as soil thaws in spring.

 
   
 

Seeds or Seedlings

10 to 21 days, 50F to 85F

1 year

Well Drained

Full Sun

1" to 2" apart

3" to 4" apart

100 to 105

Growing Guide
GROWING NOTES
Yields best in full sun.

Prefers well-drained, loose, fertile soil, free of stones pH 6.0 to 7.0. Heavy clay soils may cause crooked and branched roots. Needs a fair amount of moisture.

Biennial grown as an annual.

Requires deep, well-prepared soil, early planting, and good early weed control.

Leaves arise from spherical swollen stem.

MAINTAINING
Sow seeds ½ inch deep, 1 inch apart, in rows 18 to 24 inches apart, in early spring.   Seeds germinate slowly, usually in about 2 to 3 weeks (longer in cold soils). To speed germination, keep soil moist. Sow along with radishes to break soil crust and mark row.

Thin to 3- to 4-inch spacings. Trim instead of pulling to avoid disturbing roots of remaining plants.

Mulch to suppress weeds and retain moisture.

Hill soil around base of plants to prevent greening of root shoulders.
 

 
   
 
 
   
 

Harvesting Guide
HARVESTING
If you want really good tasting parsnips, and they're ready, dig some out right before the first frost. While some people think it's better to wait till just after, I and many others think they're better tasting harvesting them right before the first frost. The sugar which gives parsnips its flavor, and comes from conversion from its starch, is released as the weather becomes colder.

To keep root damage to a minimum, use a fork spade to dig under and root them out.

Decide how many parsnips you want for the near future, and you can just keep them over winter in the ground. Put about four to six inches of mulch over them to keep them in good condition in the soil. The roots of parsnips are not damaged by the soil freezing.

Do be sure to harvest the parsnips before the ground gets too hard and difficult to work with.

If you do keep some in the ground over winter, harvest them before the new growth emerges in the early spring.

You can store parsnips in a cool place for up to six months. In a refrigerator, normally two months is the maximum they last.

SAVING SEEDS
Parsnips make tall flower-heads of little yellow flowers in their second year, soon followed by huge numbers of papery seeds.

Leave a good number of only the very best and biggest roots in the ground overwinter for your seed crop,
otherwise you'll be keeping seed that tends to make small parsnips.

And pull up any that start to flower long before the others, you don't want to develop a strain that has a tendency to bolt!

You can only let one variety go to seed each year, as they cross easily. Other than that, parsnip is very easy to save seed from, and you'll get much better seed than you can buy - it doesn't keep or store well at all.

Radish and turnip also produce seed in their second year, so the process is similar.

 
     
 
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